Upgrading to more efficient industrial technology. Fuel Switching Switching to fuels that result in less CO2 emissions but the same amount of energy, when combusted.
Toggle display of website navigation Argument: June 22,4: Dockers began unloading tens of thousands of tonnes of food from a US aid ship destined for war-torn areas of Sudan, an AFP correspondent Agriculture and nation building.
The bulk carrier Liberty Grace docked in Port Sudan with a cargo of 47, tonnes of sorghum, a staple food in Sudan. Opposition to it is one of the few things that Barack Obama and Donald Trump can agree on. And yet, at the same time that U. Some of these places may become safe havens for new terrorist networks.
Others will just fall victim to ethnic conflict, or famine, feeding the next wave of refugees. The world will look to us to help solve these problems. The United States needs a civilian capacity to foster better-functioning institutions in chaotic countries — what is popularly known as nation-building.
Various federal agencies, from the Department of State to the Department of Agriculture, currently have aspects of nation-building in their portfolio but none sees it as a main mission.
These days, nation-building usually gets dumped into the lap of the military, along with myriad other missions. But although the armed forces are tremendously capable at improvising on the fly, they do not plan and prepare for this mission either.
The United States needs a dedicated nation-building agency — not to undertake military occupations but to avoid them by helping allied governments to secure their own territory without need for large numbers of American troops.
The agency will need to do less but do it better. Instead of trying to promote development for its own sake in every poor country in the world, it should limit its efforts to enhancing core state functions in strategically important countries.
These are admirable goals, but USAID has demonstrated no particular advantage in any of these fields compared to international organizations such as the United Nations and the World Bank and nongovernmental organizations such as Oxfam and Africare.
Accordingly, USAID should leave these areas either to multinational or private-sector organizations, cutting back its own support to NGOs working in these areas. USAID and its defenders will argue that everything it does contributes to nation-building, because the public goods it supports — such as health care, electricity, and environmental protections — are commonly found in successful states.
Even democracy can be a luxury good in the developing world. Yet the United States can live with undemocratic states as long as they behave responsibly; indeed, states such as Jordan and Singapore are close American allies. Many become democracies in time, as did South Korea, Chile, and Indonesia.
And, while perhaps distasteful to some, the United States has a long tendency to look the other way at human-rights violations committed by strategically important countries such as Egypt and Vietnam. The United States cannot live with ungoverned spaces, however, which inevitably become a breeding ground for and exporter of terrorism, criminal networks, disease, refugees, and other problems.
Nurturing representative institutions is a legitimate job for the National Endowment for Democracy. Instead of trying to promote welcome but inessential services — from electricity to free elections — USAID should focus on the bare necessities of stable states.
These include training security forces that can exercise a monopoly on the legitimate use of force, supporting courts that can dispense a semblance of justice, staffing a professional civil service that is not compromised by rampant corruption, and constructing financial mechanisms that can allow the state to raise and spend revenue with some degree of transparency.
USAID does not, at the moment, have the necessary competency in any of these fields; none of these areas are adequately addressed by any existing U.
Armed Forces, for example, assist foreign militaries, but the crucial job of assisting foreign police forces and courts falls to the Departments of State and Justice which outsource them to contractors of dubious value.
USAID needs to buttress its capabilities accordingly while shedding less important functions. That stretches the agency way too thin. USAID should limit its efforts to countries of strategic importance to the United States where it can make a difference.
Given the threat of Islamist terrorism to the United States, one priority should be countries with significant Muslim populations that are located in the arc of instability stretching from West Africa to Southeast Asia. In a few of those countries, including Libya, Somalia, Syria, and Yemen, central government is non-existent; in almost all of the others, it is very weak.
Relatively wealthy nations such as Turkey and the Gulf monarchies can be excluded, along with states such as Sudan or Iran that are hostile to the United States.
Some hard judgment calls will have to be made as to whether services can be effectively delivered in nominally allied states such as Pakistan and the Palestinian Authority, where the governments have been implicated in supporting terrorism.Basic agriculture for nation building.
Sp S on S so S red S · August 31 · What is ment by the term sustainable agriculture? B) How can environmental productivity be maintained?
Basic agriculture for nation building updated their profile picture. Sp S on S so S red S · July 13, · See All. Posts. Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities.
The study of agriculture is known as agricultural. Thank you for your interest in Boland College, one of the leaders in Technical and Vocational Education and Training. Agriculture is the breadbasket, the artery of a nation’s people while Information Technology (IT) is the backbone of the communications sector in today’s modern age.
NAVAJO NATION. NAVAJO NATION RANCH UNIT COMPETITIVE BID. REQUEST FOR APPLICATION AND BID The ranch units are administered by the Navajo Nation Department of Agriculture (NNDA) Tribal Ranch Program (NNRP).
Agriculture office building, NN Fairgrounds, Hwy. , Window Rock, AZ. East Timor - Building a nation: a framework for reconstruction and development: Joint assessment mission: agriculture background paper (English) Abstract East Timor’s rugged, erosion-prone terrain, poor soils, and varying (often unpredictable) rainfall have always presented challenges to agriculture.
1 Science, Agriculture and Nation Building: IRI Research Institute (IRI) and the Conquest of the “Campos Cerrados” in Brazil () By Claiton Marcio da Silva.