Braille Basics What is braille?
Conclusion There are perhaps few decisions made on behalf of students with visual impairments that are more crucial, yet subject braille writing alphabet practice more confusion and controversy, than the decision regarding an appropriate reading medium.
Making an initial determination of the appropriate reading medium is not a concern for those who have no visual impairment i. Difficulties may arise, however, in making decisions for those students who are visually impaired but not totally blind.
The purpose of this article is to address these difficulties and propose guidelines for appropriate decision making. Few published procedures have been available to teachers and parents for assistance in making decisions concerning selection of a reading medium for students with visual impairments.
Perhaps the lack of attention in the literature addressing this difficult problem has led to a sense of confusion that has fueled the controversy between teaching print reading or teaching braille reading.
While common guidelines for such decisions may be used by professionals throughout the country, these have not been thoroughly documented. In the past, professionals believed that use of vision could impair sight even further Irwin, It was common practice to blindfold, and teach braille reading to all students who were visually impaired and, therefore, "save their sight" for other tasks.
The decision to teach braille reading was made without consideration of visual functioning.
Today, best professional practice and federal legislation specify that educational decisions must be made by a multidisciplinary team according to the individual needs and abilities of each student. These decisions must be based on information obtained from systematic procedures.
Such procedures must be used to determine the most appropriate reading medium for each child. This article will focus on students who are entering a developmental reading program, i. Students with adventitious visual impairments present separate concerns that, while important, will not be considered within the scope of this paper.
An essential part of this critical period is the role that professionals and parents have in assuring that a solid foundation is provided for each student.
No one can predict the future with absolute certainty. However, professionals and parents are called upon to make informed decisions as a team in order to assure an appropriate education for each student with a visual impairment; one essential team decision will involve the primary reading medium.
Diagnostic teaching in the decision-making process Decisions on the appropriate reading medium cannot be made on the basis of arbitrary information, such as the legal definition of blindness, since students with visual impairments use their vision with differing degrees of efficiency.
The period of reading readiness presents an ideal time for implementation of a diagnostic teaching approach, since readiness activities seek to stimulate all the senses in preparation for formal reading.
Support for the need for one reading medium or another can be derived from these data. The key element is collecting information that will provide a basis for informed decision making, a process that is undeniably superior to decisions based on arbitrary or superficial information.
Characteristics of diagnostic teaching Diagnostic teaching combines the two essential educational practices of instruction and assessment and may be characterized by the following principles: The use of diagnostic teaching practices is by no means new.
Although such an approach is typically associated with the diagnosis and remediation of learning problems, the case can be made that it has value for other applications in which a problem-solving approach is needed. The diagnostic teaching approach provides an excellent means of putting together pieces of a puzzle when one piece is missing or unknown.
The determination of the appropriate reading medium for young children with visual impairments who are beginning to read can be achieved through the use of these strategies.braille push pin letters Materials needed: Braille Alphabet kaja-net.com (linked above) printed onto heavy paper such as cardstock (one per student), push pins, carpet scraps or squares.
Each child takes one of the Braille Alphabet Charts and places it on top of a carpet square that has been turned upside down.
Reg charity no. This is braille – alphabet card Braille is a system of raised dots used by blind people to read and write. It was invented in by the Frenchman Louis Braille.
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$ (1 used offer) 5 out of 5 stars 1. Aug 12, · How to Read Braille. Four Methods: Printable Braille Alphabet Learning the Letters of the Alphabet Understanding Punctuation and Symbols Recognizing Contractions and Short-Form Words Community Q&A Braille is a method of reading through touch, rather than by sight.
While it is mainly used by those with impaired vision, sighted people can also learn to read Braille. The PharmaBraille Braille font system complies with Pharmaceutical Braille standards. Braille Alphabet. Braille font character sets consist of letters, numbers, punctuation, symbols and special accent characters.
Discover how and why these braille alphabets differ. In the third grade, children are perfecting their reading and writing skills.
Sometimes it can be a frustrating experience. Give your child a glimpse of how other students approach reading, by teaching him how the blind use braille.